Multan is a well known historic city of southern Punjab. It is also known as “Medina-tul-oliya” or the city of saints as there are mausoleum of several well known Sufis or oliya in the city. Multan is famous for many crops due to its fertility; mangoes, citrus, guavas, wheat, cotton, sugarcane and many more. Multan’s fertility is due to the fact that it is situated on a land which is sort of cut off by the five rivers of Punjab.
Multan has been a prominent center of learning and especially teaching of mystical aspect of Islam. Various Sufis have spent their lives here preaching and teaching Islam. They laid emphasis on Islamic brotherhood and serving the humanity. The people of Multan built mausoleums for them which truly are specimens of art. The main art work of Multan is the blue tile work which is used extensively and tastefully in almost all of the shrines. These shrines are a part of our heritage and depict the love and respect people have for these worthy saints.Some of the important shrines in Multan are:
1. Mausoleum of Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya.
2. Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam
3. Mausoleum of Shams-ud-Din (Shah Shamsuddin Sabzwari)
4. Mausoleum of Hafiz Muhammad Jamal Multani
5. Mausoleum of Sheikh Yousaf Gardez
6. Shrines of several warriors/ Martyrs collectively known as Nuagaza tombs. These warriors/ martyrs are thought to have fought in wars centuries ago. Some of them are thought to be part of the army that came with Muhammad Bin Qasim in 712AD.
Multan also has a large share of very ancient mosques built centuries ago. Jamia Mosque was said to be the oldest which was built by Muhammad Bin Qasim when he conquered Multan. This Mosque was lost due to repeated floods in the area in 1954. Sawi Mosque and Muhammad Khan Wali mosque are some of the other ancient mosques of Multan. The atmosphere of Multan city is highly peaceful and serene. The ambiance at the mausoleums is especially so. The shrines of Baha-ud-Din Zakariya and Shah Rukn-e-Alam are probably the largest and most famous shrines of Multan. These beautiful and artistically built shrines are visible from miles.