After Musa(AS), Shamoel (AS) was bestowed with prophet hood. At that time, Bani Israel had lost to their enemies after fighting for a very long time. Bani Israel asked their Prophet Shamoel (AS) (Samuel) to appoint a leader for them, under whom they could unite and fight with their enemy.
Shamoel (AS) was aware of Bani Israel’s habits And weaknesses.
- ” Have you not thought about Bani Israel after Musâ ? When they said to a Prophet (Shamoel) of theirs, “Appoint for us a king and we will fight in Allâh’s way.” He said, “Would you then refrain from fighting, if fighting was prescribed for you?” They said, “Why should we not fight in Allâh’s Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children (families have been taken as captives)?” But when fighting was ordered for them, they turned away, all except a few of them. And Allâh is All-Aware of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers).”
- And their Prophet (Shamoel) said to them, “Indeed Allâh has appointed Talût (Saul) as a king over you.” They said, “How can he be a king over us when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth.” He said: “Verily, Allâh has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allâh grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allâh is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.”
- “And their Prophet (Shamoel) said to them: Verily! The sign of his Kingdom is that there shall come to you At-Tâbût(a wooden box), wherein is Sakinah (peace and reassurance) from your Lord and a remnant of that which Musâ (Moses) and Hârûn (Aaron) left behind, carried by the angels. Verily, in this is a sign for you if you are indeed believers.”
And so it happened as Shamoel (AS) had predicted. The angels brought back At-Tabut, which they had lost in one of their fights. So, Bani Israel had no choice left than to accept Talut as their king. At- Tabut was a wooden box said to have contained some belongings of Musa (AS) and Harun (AS). Its main quality was that when it was with Bani Israel, it brought a sense of peace and serenity and brought luck as well.