Kharan desert (Baluchistan): this desert is also known as the “sandy desert” and is situated at the northwest of Baluchistan. The Kharan Basin is also called a closed basin because the whole water stored in this basin is used for domestic and agriculture needs. This desert region consist variable sand dunes with beneath the pebble conglomerate floor. The moving hills reach to the height of between 15-30 meters. Plane area between these dunes is hard topped berate when they are treacherous, dry, sandy day mush when soggy. The infertile wastes take about half of the Iran and have continuity in the Kharan of Pakistan. And making a continuous expansion of complete infertility from alluvial fans of the Alborz Mountains in the north to the border of plateau of Baluchitan, it expands in the area of more than 1200 Km.
In elevation these deserts slop in the north to 1,000m and in southwest to about 250m. Throughout the desert the average rainfall is about 100mm, these desserts consists of dry lakes and inland drainage, the Lake basin (Gowd-e-Zereh) receives irregularly surplus drainage, in Pakistan it Is separated by the low Chaghai hills with highland surroundings the dead volcano Koh-e-Tafta’n causes the Mashkel river to shape a lake.
Cholistan (Punjab): cholistan is derived from Turkish word “Chol” and it means “dessert”. So, colistant means land of deserts. Cholistan’s people spend a semi nomadic life, they are moving from one location to other for food and water for their animals. Hakra River runs through this area. Around this area the Indus valley civilization has been settled.
Indus Valley Desesrts(Punjab): it is the dessert in the northern Pakistan, it is in the northwestern Punjab Province, it covers about an area of 7,500 Sq miles, and is resting between the Indus river and Chenab. Indus Valley Desert is less friendly and drier then the northwestern spike scrub jungle around it.