Quetta name is derived from Pushtu word Kwatta meaning fort. It is the fruit garden of Pakistan and is the capital of Baluchistan, it is about 1,680 meters above sea level. Quetta is the one of the military post of the country, and residing a strategic and most important position due to the fact that Iran and Afghanistan meet here, Bolan Pass lies on the vital lines of connections. Population of Quetta is about 676,941 and covers an area of 2,653 Sq. kms. Tribes man of Quetta are very strong, they are famous for their hospitality and friendliness. They give very comfortable environment to the visitors as it is the part of their tradition.
The main bazaar is abound with Pathan traders wearing large turbans and also Baluchi hawkers putting red embroidered caps on their heads, and migrant women carrying big collection of imported cloth and selling them. Baluchi mirror-work embroidery, fur coats, jackets, Afghan carpets, semiprecious stones, dried fruits and nuts are the best things in bazaar. The other good hunting grounds are Kandahari bazaar across the Jinnah road and Liaqat Bazaar on the Liaqat road.
A great variety of wild animals like Markhors, Gad, hyena, wolves, wild cats, leopards, some birds like blue rock pigeon, golden eagle, hawks, falcons, warblers are found in Quetta. There are almost 225 species of some of the beautiful interesting plants like juniper, wild ash, wild almond, pistachios, wild olives, wild cherry, wild fig and many more. There are two government colleges associated with Peshawar University. Sandeman Library, Baluchistan University was established in 1970, and with the establishment of this university the education started for the people of Quetta.
Quetta is on the western edge of Pakistan, but still it is linked with the other part of the country through roads, airways and railways. Quetta is connected with Lahore, Peshawar and Karachi through railways. With other cities of country it is well connected through roads.